Blastox Saved $1.4M on Heavy Metal Soil Remediation Project

Background/Objectives: Soil Remediation Project

Contaminated job site with lead

A developer near Detroit, MI wanted to redevelop a property with an ideal location with ready access to freeways as a freezer and cold storage warehouse. The only problem was the site was historically operated as a junk yard.

High levels of lead contamination were identified over a large portion of the site, presumed to be associated with areas that lead-acid batteries were crushed inside cars and were left to drain. Furthermore, a large portion of the site was contaminated with lead at levels that were characteristically hazardous (D008).

Some soil was disposed off-site as D008 waste at great expense, but when a significant area required a large undercut for structural reasons, the disposal costs were threatening the viability of the project.

SME reviewed options and found if regulatory approval could be obtained to treat the soil ex-situ with a heavy metal stabilization reagent and then dispose of the soil as non-hazardous waste, they could save approximately $1.4 million over hazardous waste disposal.


Discovered Hazardous Waste: D008-Pb

$1,825,950 If Disposed as Hazardous Waste

High cost may stop the project 


Treatment of soil remediation projectLead-Contaminated Soils” Memorandum EPA 540/2-91/009.

“Solidification/stabilization (s/s) reduces the hazardous potential of contaminated sites by converting the contaminates into their least soluble, mobile or toxic form, thus minimizing their potential migration offsite. Studies
say that modified silicates can be used to immobilize organic contaminates.” 

The Solution:

Calcium silicate (Blastox®)

Blastox is proven long-term stable by EPA

Work with the landfill well in advance
of preparing to send treated waste, to

confirm that the TCLP samples for
waste characterization, collected
post-treatment, meet their requirements.










Results/Lessons Learned:

If the heavy metal contamination in soil exceeds the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) limits, stakeholders should be aware that chemical reagents, such as Blastox exists that can be added directly to the soil to render them non-hazardous. This significantly drives down the cost of disposal as hazardous waste transportation and hazardous waste disposal are avoided, allowing for local, non-hazardous waste disposal. This project saved $1.4 MM for the property owner.

Construction after project was finished and cleaned up using Blastox